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tv   Worldfocus  PBS  October 21, 2009 5:30pm-6:00pm EDT

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tonight on "worldfoc" -- china starts distributing an is n 1 f vaccine t its vt population, and britain launches its own vccine progr, but questionspersist about who shou get it first. fr vienna, austa, sig of major progress in nuclear talks between iran and the west. we will return the mexican border town of war ey where drug violence is still raging out of control. despite thearmy's eorts to stop it. why can't they? and we take you to turkey where one religious group is seen by somes a threatmocracy. from the world'seading reporters and analysts, re's what's happeningrom around the
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world. is is "worldfocus." mar support has been provided by rosalinp. walter and the per g. peterson fodation, dedicated to promoting fiscal responsility and addressing key economic chlenges facing america's future. and addition funding is provided by the followg pporters -- hello and goodvening. i'm daljit dhaliwal. >> with flu season fa approaching here the united states and in many of the world's laest countries, we begin tonight's broaast with somethg that is on the minds of many. what to do about the h1n1 pandemic? according the wor health organizati, there are now nearly 400,000 confirmed cases of swinelu worldwide. however,he organization admi that number low as many cases
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haven't been reported. the w.o. is al now reporting over 00deaths, more tha 5% from week rlier. today, here in the united states, a top health officia warned that production of t n1 vaccine i falling behind schedu. but overseas other countries have aeady begun their ccinationprograms, most notably in china and in the united kingd. but as youare about to hear in two reports,nerom chine state levision and the other from britain's itn, health ofcials are making har choices about who should be at the head of the vaccinaon line. the wod's response to the h1n1 pandemic, that i our "lead focu tonight. >> reporter: health depaments say medal staff will fit reive the injecons because they are in conct with more peop. students, teache, public servants and elderly will receive the vax beenation later.
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it's estimat the vaccinations will be finish by the end of the year. e first shipment of 750,000 dosesof h1n1flu vaccine arrid in hunan provinc students received the first batch. 440,000 the reached guangzhourovince as we. more than 1,000 medical staff will receive the injection. beijg prepared 1.7 mllion doses of h1n1 fluaccines for free inok lags. students and tehing staff of all local and major primary schools started inctions esday. students wl be vaccinated wi thr parents' connt. in additioto medical staff, publicervants working at railways, vil aviati and transportion sectors ll reive freeinjections as well. as of friday, the statfood and drug administration approved the releaseof 17.6 million dosesf
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the vaccine. more than 300,000 people have been vaccited with 150 showing adverse reaction including some swelling and pain from the needle, fever, vomiting and fatigue. cctv. the vaccinations have begun. the nionalwine flu immunition program is und way this lunchtime nurses at university clege hospital among the first t receive the jab. 2 llion frontlineealth care woers will be offer the vaine. >> we want the health work force to be fit in order to be able to cope withhe increase demand, but we also don't wnt health workers unintentionally spading the rus. reporter: the vaccine is called pandemrix. this is the uk'sain storage warehouse. large parcels being sent out to hospitals all ov the couny. the gernment needs lots of it. more than million peoe are being offered the injection. more than 400,00 doses sent out
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this week alone. the department of healthas spli vaccinations into four priority oups. in order, they'll bebab who are more than 6 months old, and under 65 who are in the curnt seasonal flu at-ri gro. then a pregnant wom followed by people who are in regular contact with individuals with damaged immune systems a finall over sith health problems healthy pensioners not deed an immediate priority at the ment. >> the first wavef swinelu vaccine has been distributeded. it is designed to cover largely but not exclusivelythat sam population that have seasonal fl the issue of wheer it is rolled out to t whole population is oneor the scientists. reporter: the vaccinehas been iroduced very quickly. me expertsfear it hn't been properly teted. >> the swi flu vaccine has been intruced at unprecedented
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haste which hasn't really left much time f testing to see whether it's safe and whether it actually works. we knowhat swine flu is a mild illness, milder than mst flus, in fact. bad coldn a vast majority of people. the need for widespread vaination is justot there. >> reporter: health officials insist the vaccine is safe after being teed in rorous trials. and those receiving the vaccine will be i better shape than ose getting swine flu. that was rags martefor itn. for more on efforts to combat swine flu, w are joined once again by . martin bser. he's the air of theepartment of medicine at the nyu school of medicine right here in new ork. welcome back to the prram. >> thankyou. >> so are now in the early stages of flu season. where do we stand? >> well, as you know, the flu - th strain of flu began in the spring. there was a pretty big epidec the spring andtailed off in
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the summer. and now it's come ck in force in the fall. there's now idespread flu activity in 41 states in the united states. and do you think that it mutated to make it a more dangerous stra of h1n1 or are we sll dealing with essentially the same sort o strain thawe were in the earlie ages? >> s far,the strain has stayed about the same and so it's mild. it's like the seasonal flu in total, bit's come very ely and its ps spreading with great force. >> today the cdc acknoedged that we ar behind withhe producti of the vacce. how concerned should we bend wh are your thoughts and why we've faen behind other countries? >> well, i am concerned because the flu is rising. 's going up. the sooner w vaccinate people thegreater an impact we can have. there's more peoplwe can prentromaving severe iless, from bng in icus and
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for some people dying. the earlierwe get the vaccine out and in people, the better. so every delay lowershe effectiveness of the vaccine. >> and the gups of people o are vulnerable at thisstage are? >> it' people uer thege of 50, especially under theage of 25. pregnant women. young, very yng children. people who are previously having health problems. >>ny thouts on why w've llen behind? >> in a way we're trying to telescope a nine-month pcess into five or sixmonth and so thas been a probl, but moncerned that we're not getting ou the vaccine whenhe flis sowidespread. >> in your opinion, is it safe? >> i thin the vaccine, the riskof the vccine are very re, and the benefit i real. recommend giving the vaccine to anybody. and i want to emphasize tha taking the vaccine protects people themselves and it protects their family andt protects the community. >>here doyou see thisgoing
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inhe next sort of six months to a yea how do you sai see this playing out over the next several months? >> think we can expect that the flu is going to contie well into the winte season. an average fluyear, 30 or 40 million people become infected with flu. th year is an exceptional year. it the biggest flu year in at least 40 years. it may be as many as 100 miion peoplebecoming infected in the ited states. >>r. blaser, thankou very much. >> thank you. with conrns rising here and abroadbout the h1n flu virus, w want to har your though. we want to know do you think r governments doingnough to protect us from h1n1? tell us whatyou thinkby visiting the "how you see it" seion of our website at
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from viennatonight, there is word of a possible breaktough in the effort to thwart iran's nuclear ambitions. it's bng reportedhat ira thunited states, russi france ang with n. negotiators have come up with a draft reement to ip much of iran's enriched uanium abro in an effort to ensure it is used for peacel purposes. naz za neaninmoshiri of al jaze english has this report. >> reporter: today possible breakthrough. a deal on the table that all sides c take away withthem. i very much hope that people see the bigpicture, see that this agreement coul open the way for aomplete normalization of relatns between iran and the international community. >> rorter: the exact details e still unclear, butit could see iran shipping most of its enriched uranium abroad for processing i france a russia.
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mething that was tentatively agre in geneva at the beginnin of octor. the timings, the amounts and the curity of such a sipment uld also be part of the draft. and it seems the deal would include france,espite iran saying it wouldn't hold dirt tas with the country. >> translator: whave de the suggestionand if it's accepted, estimate a precise deadline. it haso be before the end of the year, wit 1200 kilogrs at least. and on that point, we won't bac down. >> reporte iran says it's going to take back the oposal to tehran. >> we have decided that we will receive the fuel from the potential suppliers which ar willg to do so instd of that. >> reporr: this would be a real achievement for mohammed elbaradei just months before he aves the iaea. and it would crtainly day tehran's potentialbility to make auclear weapon.
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t he mustnow that negotiators in vina have no re power. this ishere theecisions are made here in hran. and iran has shown in thepast that ittakes no notice of deadnes. just before e anuncement, an's atomicgency had its own statement. good news about the nation's nuear program,which it will reveal in the next fewmonths. a sign that iran isn going to give up its nucar hpes yet. zanine moshiri, el jazra, tehran. > moving fromoncerns about iran those about noh korea. u.s. sectary of defense rert gates was in south korea today. and while there, he issued another sternarning to the north reans about their nuclear program. here's what he had to say. >> there shld be nomistaki thate not today, nor will we eve accept a north korea with nuclear weans. >> gat went on to say thathe
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united states would fend sout korea from an aack usin any means necessary, including deploying american nuclear weapons. the united states stil has more than ,000 trps stationed in uth korea. if you we asked to make a list of the world's most viont ace, chances are your first thoughts wld be of distant lands, but there is a gruesome war raging right on america's boer. ciudaduarez, across the border from el pa, texas, is awasin drug vines vionce. recently averaging more tha10 murders a da ings are sobad even few journastsventure there. that mak the following repor ev that muchore exaordinary. tonigh bnt andraig renault
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of "the new york times" revisit the an streets of war easy to follow up on report w brought you earlier this year. >> reporter: fivminutes from th border with el paso, texas, this par of mexico loks and feels very much like the united stes. but ok a little cler d 's clear all the notnormal re. this is juarez, mexico, the cty is beginningto feel less like an american surb and more like war zone. this is bren and craig renault. six months ago we reported on the violent drug w that had eruptehere betweenwo rival cartels, battling over lucrative drug smuggling routes intohe united states. last march the violence had gotten so bad thatexican presidenfelipe calderon sent 10,000 federal ts and police officers into the city to bolster an outgunned and corrupt
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local police force si months ago profiled the work of this person in el pas a nonprofit organization decated to drug treatment a counseling for victims of violence reled to the drug war. victims like jesus whose father s brutally murdered. inseptember, three gunme burst into thei treatment center in juarez. >> one hit m put in this part and thother in this part and starto kil. this i ak-47. >> reporter: miguel owns a private security comny in juarez.
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he believes the violenceas begun take on a new level of brutality. ty. >> smell the blood. >>eporter: authorities believe that mexican gangs see the eatment centers as hunti grounds where they can stamp out rivals. >> six bodies in four urs. this is norm. sobody cut both nds. it the same stories every day. bodies and blo. reporter: for a brief moment six months ago as the federal troops arrived in the city, seems like things st mightget better. as juaez mayor jose reyesold us last april, there was an imdiate drop in the number of murders. >> we're ver happy with the way the crimehas gone down since
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the presence of the army. thiss the final st in clring up drugs from our city. >> reporter: it didn turn out that way. six nths later, the violence in juarezhas reached an all-time high. >> the reality is have a problem hereecause you have problem there. yo consumption of drugss very high. arms that are coming in to xico come fr the uned ates. the money at's financing their operation com from the unit stat. >> reporter: wmet again with the mayor, this time in his office which overlks downfound el pall paso right across the border. we asked m about the ay's failure toontain the violence in juarez. >> i don't want the army inlved in police work. i know that armies don't do well as police officers, t things were soad in the city, there was no other way of getting
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things under ontrol. reporter: the question of why the armyhas not succeeded in reducing violence ha gerated muchebate in juarez. ny people believe tre are not enough troop to police a city of over1.5illion peoe. th mayor says the cartels have learneto avoidilitary patrols. and the army says as bad as the violence is, if they re not juarez, could be even worse. but with so mu violenceor so long, many in juarez are beginning to lose ho that things wilchange. >> i think sometimes that the bad guys are killing the innocent people ju to tell the soldiers that they're not good for nothing. and i think it's one of the hardest parts because our kids will not feel ecure, ver. if they don't feel sece now, then whe
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and now to our "signature story," part two of our series this week on lifen theslamic world. aopic we devote considerable time to beuse muslims now number nearly 1.6 billion, almost a quarter of the worls population. tonight, we return t turkey, a y american ally almost eryone inhat country of 77 million people is a muim, but signs of the islac fah are noticeably absent everay life. butthere are some turkswho believe religion should play a fa bigger role. hover, that worries others who believe th will jeopardize turkey's democrac "worldfocus's" own gizem yarb turned home to turkey to istanbul for thireport. >> repter: in the udio of a
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popula turkish radio station, a talkhow host conducts his weekly program. at t office of turkey's biggesdaily newspape a group of reporrs finish up the next day's edition. d in a classroom at one o istanbul most pstigious schools, children work thrgh an algebra lson. three different sces of turkish life, but withne thi in common, an islamicspiritual leader named fetuah gulen. all these institutions were founded by his disciples and aim to spread his message. america, the notion that religion should ha aole in everyday life may note controversial, but in turkey, groups like the gulen movement are causing enormous anxiety. although jusabout everybody in turk is muslim, b law rkey's asecular country. region and t state are strictly sepated. but toy there are thos who
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uld like to e religion have a bigger role plic life. the followers of gulen aremong them. inturkey, it's estimated that gun may now hav as man as 2 millio members. the group promotes what it calls ethical and moral value based on t teachings of islam. erkam tufan is the rad talk show host and a followerof gulen. >> translator: the gulen moveme, as t name suggests, isn't a cult or political party but a sial vement. it members beeve the world needs the ideas ofgulen, especially his ideas onoral and ethicalvalues. >> reporter: nilufer narli is a one of the biggest universities. she sees t moveme as similar to the evangelical movement in america. it'sopular with many who beeve modern secular soety has lost its sway. >> what we see today is see
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variousalues in turkey. a type of new fundamentist movement. i don't think tha turkey will be an islamic society. buwhat is canging in turkey is emphasis on religis morali morality. >> reporter: the newmphasis on religiony instills fear many turk for them rkey's status as a cular state is not oly a source ofolitical free but the key economic and politil teraction with the st. dri baykam is known as a vocal defender of the secular syem. >> inpolitics, you qstion everything. all e potical frdoms of a country ar shattered pieces when you bring in religious values tt cannot be discussed in any way because there are gmas, you hav to accept the as they are. >> reporter: gulen suppoers go to great pains to say their
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agenda is social, n polital. but baykam isn't buying it. asvidence ofgulen's true motives baykam points tovadio tape from 1999 in which gulen is saido be uing his followers to ndermine turkey's scular syst of government. because of that te, tuish authorities chargedulen with breaking t law, which strictly forbidsreligious goups from interfering politics. len was eventually acquitted. nonethess, he has since chosen live in exile in the united states. buthe gule movement isn't e only islamic grp in turkey winng converts. anorganization cled mustazaflar der,n turkish that means th association for th oppressed, has ined a widespre following in rural eastern turkey. much of its focus has been on charity wo, like handing out food and providing free medical care. howeve many of its mmbers
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once belonged to the radical group hezbollah. some of them are suspected of having committed acts of terrorism. huseyiyilmas is the general managerf mustazaflar der. >> hs advocated changing the turkish government sometimes by using violence. >> translator: we don't apove of violence and we w't nothing to do with violence. if meone does somhing illegal, evesomething like smuggling cigartes, we expel that person. why? because he will be a sin on our group. >>eporter: but in recent years, mustazaflar das becomeore politically active. when it sponsored thisrally against the dember 2008 insion of gaza by isrl, thsands of people turned out a study published in late 2007 by the whingtonnstitute for near east policy sai that mustazafr der cod, quote become an influential power in
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southeast turkey in the lebon hezbollah, ircan's medhi ar d hamas in palestine. adding to the suspicion about groups like mustazlar der and e gulen movement is the question of who is really running them. in the case of gulen, he hielf claims to have no active role in the d-to-day affairs of those schos and media companies. managinghem seems to be less a loose alliance of conservative sinessmen. >> speople kept saing, hey, there's no danger. the samelifestyle. there is no problem. >> reporter: ors ere? does the question facing turkey as traditionaleligion and modern democracy try to coexist. i'm giz yarbil reporting r "worfocus" from istanbul, turkey. and that isworldfocus" for this wednesday, but don't foet, you can find a lot mo ws and perspecte on our website at worldfocus.g.
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while you're there, be slure to joinhe conversation online. i'm daljit dhaliwal in new york. for and the lest of the eam, thanyou for joining us. e you tomorrow. thanyou for joining us. e you tomorrow. od-bye. captions by vitac -- jor support for "worldfocus" has been ovided by rosind p. walter and the peter g. petern foundation, dicated to promoting fiscal responbility and addressing key economic challenges cing america's future. and additional funding i proved by the following supporters --
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